Invest Forma
Investments, investment management, investment project

ru / eng
Sections
Calendar
«    Январь 2018    »
ПнВтСрЧтПтСбВс
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
 


The classification of investment projects
Section:   eng » Investment project  
The classification of investment projects  There are four main factors (classification attribute), that define each particular project:

1) scale (size) of the project;

2) implementation period;

3) quality;

4) resource limitations.

 

In terms of the magnitude of the projects are divided into:

- Small projects that allow a number of simplifications in the procedure for the design and implementation, team building project;

- Mega-projects. It is targeted programs containing several related projects, a common goal, resources allocated and released to their execution

time. Such programs may be international, national, regional.

 

Megaprojects have several distinguishing features:

- High cost (about $ 1 billion or more);

- Capital intensity - the need for funding such projects require non-traditional (equity, mixed) forms of financing;

- Complexity;

- Duration of implementation (5-7 years or more);

- Remoteness areas of implementation, therefore, additional costs for infrastructure.

 

Features megaprojects require consideration of several factors:

- Distribution of elements of the project by different artists and the need to coordinate their activities;

- The need to analyze the socio-economic environment in the region of the country as a whole, and possibly a number of countries - participants of the project;

- Developing and updating the project plan.

 

From the perspective of the life of the projects are divided into:

• Short-term projects. They are typically implemented at the enterprises for the production of new products of various kinds, pilot plants, reconstruction work. At these sites the customer is usually an increase in the final (actual) cost of the project against the original, since the more likely he is interested in the speedy completion thereof;

• medium-and long-term projects. Differ only in terms of performance, and they are characterized by delays in the initial planning phase.

 

From a quality perspective, the projects are divided into the defect and defect-free. Free from defects in projects as a dominant factor used high quality. Typically, the cost of zero-defect projects is very high and the hundreds of millions or even billions of dollars.

 

Given the resource constraints, we can distinguish multi-, mono-and international projects:

• Multiproekty used in cases where the intent of the customer project refers to several interrelated projects, each of which has its own resource constraints. Multiproektom considered execution of a set of orders (projects) and services within the production program of the firm, reduced its production, financial, time capabilities and customer requirements.

• Monoproekty serve as an alternative to multiproektam. These projects have a clearly defined resource, time and other frameworks, implemented a single project team and represent individual investment, social and other projects.

• International projects are usually characterized by considerable complexity and cost. Distinguishes them is also an important role in the economy and politics of those countries for which they are developed.

 
Other Related News:

  • Fundamentals of Investment Analysis
  • General characteristics of methods for assessing the effectiveness of the i ...
  • The nature and function of investment management
  • Types of uncertainty
  • The essence of the investment project


  • Информация
    Посетители, находящиеся в группе Гости, не могут оставлять комментарии в данной новости.
    Successful Investors


    Home    Register    Contacts    Sources   




    Investments, investment management, investment project
       Copyright 2010 © investforma.ru